Human Resources Strategies: From Job Satisfaction to Innovation in the Age of Technostress


  • Ali Bai Wilson College of Business, University of Northern Iowa
  • Hassan Hessari Virginia Tech University
  • Fatemeh Daneshmandi Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research
  • Tahmineh Nategh Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch



Technostress, Job Satisfaction, Human Resources, Mental Health, Individual Innovation


Employee innovation is a crucial aspect of organizations in the current era. Therefore, studying the factors influencing individual innovation is vital and unavoidable. Undoubtedly, job satisfaction is a significant variable in management sciences. Nowadays, all organizations are interconnected with technology. This research explores the relationship between job satisfaction and individual innovation, including its components and the moderating role of technostress. This study, in terms of purpose, is applied, and in terms of data collection method, it is a descriptive survey. Data collection tools included the Technostress Inventory by Tarafdar and colleagues (2007), Janssen's Individual Innovation Questionnaire (2000), and the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) by Spector (1994). The validity and reliability of these questionnaires were confirmed. The sample size for this study was 215, and data analysis was performed using SPSS and SMART-PLS software. Job satisfaction has a significant and positive relationship with individual innovation, idea generation, idea promotion, and idea implementation. Technostress moderates the relationship between job satisfaction and individual innovation, idea generation, and idea promotion. However, technostress does not play a moderating role in the relationship between job satisfaction and idea implementation. Conclusion: Based on the results, organizations should take necessary measures to increase job satisfaction and reduce employee technostress.


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Author Biographies

Ali Bai, Wilson College of Business, University of Northern Iowa

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6910-118X

College of Business, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA.


Hassan Hessari, Virginia Tech University

Department of Business Information, Technology, Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.


Fatemeh Daneshmandi, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research

Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research, Neyshaboor, Iran.


Tahmineh Nategh, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch

Department of Management, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran.



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How to Cite

Bai, A., Hessari, H., Daneshmandi, F., & Nategh, T. (2024). Human Resources Strategies: From Job Satisfaction to Innovation in the Age of Technostress. Journal of Business Management and Economic Development, 2(03), 1031–1045.