Exploring the Role of Plants in Bio-remediation: Harnessing Nature's Clean-up Agents


  • Monalisha Sahoo Rama Devi Women’s University




Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, Rhizofiltration, Environmental restoration, Plant microbe interaction


The study investigates the vital role of plants in bio-remediation processes, capitalizing on their inherent ability to act as nature's clean-up agents. As industries continue to generate pollutants, there is a growing need for sustainable and eco-friendly approaches to mitigate environmental damage. This research delves into the diverse mechanisms by which plants contribute to bioremediation, including phytoremediation, rhizofiltration, and phytoextraction. The exploration encompasses the interactions between plant roots and soil microorganisms, as well as the potential for genetic modifications to enhance bio-remediation efficiency. By comprehensively analysing the scientific literature, this study aims to provide insights into harnessing the natural capabilities of plants for effective and environmentally friendly remediation strategies. The findings contribute to the on-going discourse on sustainable environmental management, offering promising avenues for the integration of plant-based solutions into mainstream bio-remediation practices.


Download data is not yet available.


Abbasi, A., Khatoon, F., & Ikram, S. (2023). A review on remediation of dye adulterated system by ecologically innocuous “biopolymers/natural gums-based composites.” In International Journal of Biological Macromolecules (Vol. 231). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.123240

Arora, S., Vanza, M. J., Mehta, R., Bhuva, C., & Patel, P. N. (2014). Halophilic microbes for bio-remediation of salt affected soils.

Castiglione, S., Cicatelli, A., Ferrol, N., & Rozpadek, P. (Eds.). (2019). Effects of Plant-Microbiome Interactions on Phyto-and Bio-Remediation Capacity. Frontiers Media SA.

Chen, S., Zhu, M., Guo, X., Yang, B., & Zhuo, R. (2023). Coupling of Fenton reaction and white rot fungi for the degradation of organic pollutants. In Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety (Vol. 254). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2023.114697

Darwish, L. (2013). Earth repair: A grassroots guide to healing toxic and damaged landscapes. New Society Publishers.

Gold Ezinne Agu. (2023). Bioremediation of a crude oil contaminated soil using water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 18(3). https://doi.org/10.30574/wjarr.2023.18.3.1124

Green, J. (2010). Environmental management of the waste stream with specific reference to marine oil spills. Cardiff University (United Kingdom).

Gupta, C., & Prakash, D. (2013). Duckweed: an effective tool for phyto-remediation. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 95(8), 1256-1266.

Ite, A. E., & Ibok, U. J. (2019). Role of plants and microbes in bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons contaminated soils. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation, 7(1), 1-19.

Khan, M. I., & Chang, Y. C. (2018). Environmental challenges and current practices in China-A thorough analysis. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072547

Kumar, A., Subrahmanyam, G., Mondal, R., Cabral-Pinto, M. M. S., Shabnam, A. A., Jigyasu, D. K., ... & Yu, Z. G. (2021). Bio-remediation approaches for alleviation of cadmium contamination in natural resources. Chemosphere, 268, 128855.

Millard, d. J., noring, l., farinea, c., & sorivelle, m. N. (2019). Nature-based solutions for resilient. Innovative solutions for creating sustainable cities, 357.

Mohee, R., & Mudhoo, A. (2012). Bioremediation and sustainability: research and applications. John Wiley & Sons.

Olajire, A. A. (2020). The brewing industry and environmental challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production, 256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.03.003

Russel, J. G., & Bhaskaran, K. (2023). A low-cost in-situ bioremediation process for perchlorate contaminated aqueous phase. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.130035

Saravanan, P., Sathish Kumar, S., Charles, A., & Queen Prabha, R. Exploring the Ethno Medicinal Plant for Bio Remediation. Editorial Board, 1.

Sarma, H., Narayan, M., Peralta-Videa, J. R., & Lam, S. S. (2022). Exploring the significance of nanomaterials and organic amendments—Prospect for phytoremediation of contaminated agroecosystem. Environmental Pollution, 308, 119601.

Siddique, M. N. I., Ishak, M. F., & Zularisam, A. W. (2017). Enriched Renewable Methane from the Anaerobic Digestion of Petrochemical Wastewater: A Bio-Remediation Structure. International Journal of Engineering Technology and Sciences, 4(1), 1-7.

Tripathi, S., Sanjeevi, R., Anuradha, J., Chauhan, D. S., & Rathoure, A. K. (2022). Nano-bioremediation: nanotechnology and bioremediation. In Research Anthology on Emerging Techniques in Environmental Remediation (pp. 135-149). IGI Global.

Voulvoulis, N., & Burgman, M. A. (2019). The contrasting roles of science and technology in environmental challenges. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 49(12). https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2019.1565519

Yadav, A. N. (2021). Recent trends in mycological research. Springer International Publishing.

Yadav, S. (2016). Deciphering role of gut micro-biome of earthworms in bio-remediation process using metagenome. Int J Sci, 5(04), 64-7.




How to Cite

Sahoo, M. (2024). Exploring the Role of Plants in Bio-remediation: Harnessing Nature’s Clean-up Agents. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach Research and Science, 2(02), 726–732. https://doi.org/10.59653/ijmars.v2i02.676