Evaluating the Impact of Emerging Technologies on Student Learning Outcomes: A Case Study of Kabul University, Afghanistan


  • Abdurrahman Hakimi Kurdistan University
  • Mohammad Nawab Turan Faryab University
  • Abdul Wajid Fazil Badakhshan University




Emerging technologies, Higher education, Faculty perceptions, Technology integration, Teaching practices


This study investigates the integration of emerging technologies in teaching practices at Kabul University, focusing on faculty perceptions, utilization patterns, and associated challenges. Employing a mixed-methods approach, data was collected through surveys and semi-structured interviews from 127 Students across various academic faculties. Quantitative analyses, including ANOVA, regression, and correlation analyses, were conducted to examine relationships between familiarity with emerging technologies, perceived impact on student engagement, and frequency of integration into teaching practices. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts provided qualitative insights into faculty experiences and perspectives. Findings reveal diverse utilization patterns, with a significant proportion of instructors frequently integrating emerging technologies into their teaching practices. However, challenges such as the lack of technical support and infrastructure emerged as significant barriers to technology integration. The study underscores the critical role of faculty training and professional development programs in effectively leveraging emerging technologies to enhance teaching and learning experiences. Recommendations include the implementation of robust support systems and targeted training initiatives to address barriers and maximize the potential of emerging technologies in higher education contexts.


Download data is not yet available.


Akrami, K., Akrami, M., Akrami, F., & Hakimi, M. (2024). Investigating the Integration of Big Data Technologies in Higher Education Settings. Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary on Social and Technology, 2(2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.31004/ijmst.v2i2.296

Akrami, M., Arabzada, R., Ahrari, M., Akrami, K., Akrami, F., Hakimi, M., & wajid Fazil, A. (2023). The Impact of Mobile Applications on Quran Education: A Survey of Student Performance and Satisfaction. Studies in Media, Journalism and Communications, 1(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.32996/smic.2023.1.1.3x

Ali, W. (2019). The efficacy of evolving technology in conceptualizing pedagogy and practice in higher education. Higher Education Studies, 9(2), 81-95.

Amiri, F., Quraishi, T., Hakimi, M., & Fazil, A. W. (2024). Assessing The Efficiency of Web-Hosted E-Learning Platforms in Afghanistan Academic Settings: An Exploration at Herat University. EDUTREND: Journal of Emerging Issues and Trends in Education, 1(1), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.59110/edutrend.309

Batdi, V., Aslan, A., & Zhu, C. (2018). The effect of technology supported teaching on students' academic achievement: a combined meta-analytic and thematic study. International Journal of Learning Technology, 13(1), 44-60.

Bull, G., Thompson, A. D., Schmidt-Crawford, D., Garofalo, J., Hodges, C. B., Spector, J. M., ... & Kinshuk. (2016). Evaluating the impact of educational technology. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 32(4), 117-118.

Cudney, E. A., & Ezzell, J. M. (2017). Evaluating the impact of teaching methods on student motivation. Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research, 18(1).

Hakimi, M., Shahidzay, A. K., & Aslamzai, S. (2024). Exploring factors influencing MOOC adoption in Afghanistan’s educational landscape. International Journal of Scientific Multidisciplinary Research, 2(1), 97–112. https://doi.org/10.55927/ijsmr.v2i1.8020

Hathaway, D., Norton, P., Hathaway, D., & Norton, P. (2018). Evaluating learning outcomes. Understanding Problems of Practice: A Case Study in Design Research, 51-61.

Heinecke, W. F., Milman, N. B., Washington, L. A., & Blasi, L. (2001). New directions in the evaluation of the effectiveness of educational technology. Computers in the Schools, 18(2-3), 97-110.

Kirkwood, A., & Price, L. (2013). Examining some assumptions and limitations of research on the effects of emerging technologies for teaching and learning in higher education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(4), 536-543.

Liu, S., Gomez, J., & Yen, C. J. (2009). The impact of technology-based education on student attitudes toward science. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 40(3), 1-19.

Malik, R. (2023, March). Impact of Technology-based Education on Student Learning Outcomes and Engagement. In 2023 10th International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom) (pp. 784-788). IEEE.

Malik, R. (2023, March). Impact of Technology-based Education on Student Learning Outcomes and Engagement. In 2023 10th International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom) (pp. 784-788). IEEE.

Müller, F. A., & Wulf, T. (2020). Technology-supported management education: a systematic review of antecedents of learning effectiveness. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 47.

Passerini, K. (2007). Performance and behavioral outcomes in technology-supported learning: The role of interactive multimedia. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 16(2), 183-211.

Pinto, M., & Leite, C. (2020). Digital technologies in support of students learning in Higher Education: literature review. Digital education review, (37), 343-360.

Quraishi, T., Bayani, B. M., Yashar, S., Daudzai, M., Salamzada, R., Amini, M., & Hakimi, M. (2024). Integration of Mobile Learning Technologies in Afghanistan Universities: Opportunities and Challenges. Education Specialist, 2(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.59535/es.v2i1.227

Quraishi, T., Hakimi, M., Yashar, S., Akhundzada, Q. J., Mosazada, S., & Azimi, S. (2024). The Role of Technologies on Women Entrepreneurship: A Case Study of Online University. Socio-Economic and Humanistic Aspects for Township and Industry, 2(1), 140-151. https://doi.org/10.59535/sehati.v2i1.237

Quraishi, T., Hakimi, N., Hakimi, M., Safi, M., Akrami, F., Akrami, M., ... & Nejrabi, Z. (2024). Exploring the Enhancement of Educational Systems through Information and Communication Technology: An Investigative Study. Journal of Social and Humanities, 2(1), 21-30. https://doi.org/10.59535/jsh.v2i1.218

Quraishi, T., Ulusi, H., Muhid, A., Hakimi, M., & Olusi, M. R. (2024). Empowering students through digital literacy: A case study of successful integration in a higher education curriculum. Journal of Digital Learning and Distance Education, 2(8). https://doi.org/10.56778/jdlde.v2i8.208

Tugun, V., Bayanova, A., Erdyneeva, K., Mashkin, N., Sakhipova, Z., & Zasova, L. (2020). The opinions of technology supported education of university students. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 15(23), 4-14.

Unal, E., & Cakir, H. (2021). The effect of technology-supported collaborative problem solving method on students’ achievement and engagement. Education and Information Technologies, 26(4), 4127-4150.

Vogel, D., & Klassen, J. (2001). Technology‐supported learning: status, issues and trends. Journal of computer assisted learning, 17(1), 104-114.

Wali, A., & Popal, A. (2020). The emerging issues and impacts of technology in classroom learning. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 15(15), 237-245.

Yaw Obeng, A., & Coleman, A. (2020). Evaluating the effects and outcome of technological innovation on a web-based e-learning system. Cogent Education, 7(1), 1836729.




How to Cite

Hakimi, A., Turan, M. N., & Fazil, A. W. (2024). Evaluating the Impact of Emerging Technologies on Student Learning Outcomes: A Case Study of Kabul University, Afghanistan. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach Research and Science, 2(02), 874–887. https://doi.org/10.59653/ijmars.v2i02.770