Implementation of a Three Phase Motor Protection System Using PLC and HMI


  • Yuli Prasetyo Politeknik Negeri Madiun, Indonesia
  • Budi Triyono Politeknik Negeri Madiun, Indonesia
  • R. Jasa Kusumo H Politeknik Negeri Madiun, Indonesia
  • Santi Triwijaya Politeknik Perkeretaapian Indonesia Madiun, Indonesia



Electric Motor, Disturbance, protection system, PLC, HMI


Three-phase electric motors are essential components in industrial production processes, playing a crucial role as the driving force for almost all industrial machinery. These motors are susceptible to various electrical disturbances, such as overcurrent caused by overloads or short circuits. Common issues that frequently occur with three-phase motors include high starting currents, overcurrent, and short circuits. To mitigate the losses caused by these disturbances, an effective protection system is necessary. This study analyzes the implementation of a protection system using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Human Machine Interface (HMI) to control and monitor the protection mechanisms for electric motors. The proposed protection system aims to safeguard the motors from disturbances such as high starting currents, overcurrent, and short circuits. By leveraging the real-time monitoring and control capabilities of PLCs and the user-friendly interface of HMIs, the system can accurately detect and respond to abnormal conditions, thereby minimizing the risk of damage to critical three-phase motors. The development of this protection system ensures the reliability and longevity of three-phase motors in industrial applications, reducing downtime and enhancing overall operational efficiency.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdelmoaty, G., & Soliman, S. (2020). Smart Technology Applications in Tourism and Hospitality Industry of The New Administrative Capital, Egypt. Journal of Association of Arab Universities for Tourism and Hospitality, 0(0), 0–0.

Khairullah, S. S., & Sharkawy, A.-N. (2022). Design and Implementation of a Reliable and Secure Controller for Smart Home Applications Based on PLC. Journal of Robotics and Control (JRC), 3(5), 614–621.

Mugaruka Josue, M., & Biru Worku, G. (2021). Study of Power Reliability and Power Quality Problems of the Ethiopian-Djibouti Railway Distribution Networks. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 10(6), 100.

Ningrum, R. C. (2021). Desain Pengepakan Barang Dengan Counter Otomatis Menggunakan Plc Omron. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kendali dan Listrik, 1(2), 51–57.

Pradipta, A., Triwijaya, S., Winjaya, F., Darmawan, A., & Prasetyo Edi W, A. (2023). Study Quality of Voltage on Single Track AC Railway Traction Electrification. Journal of Railway Transportation and Technology, 2(1), 41–49.

Prakoso, D. N., Prasetyo, Y., Winarno, B., & Triyono, B. (2023). Design System Warning & Safety Escalator dengan HMI Berbasis PLC. 4(2).

Prasetyo, Y., Hidayatullah, N. A., Artono, B., & Danu S, B. (2021). Power Factor Correction Using Programmable Logic Control Based Rotary Method. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1845(1), 012045.

Prasetyo, Y., Prakoso, D. N., Wicaksono, R., Triyono, B., & Triwijaya, S. (2023). Analysis of Transformer Protection Systems Using Smart Relays for Electrical Energy Stability. 07(03).

Prasetyo, Y., Triyono, B., Prakoso, D. N., & Haryo, R. J. K. (2024). Desain Human Machine Interface (HMI) Pada Sistem Pencetak Genteng Otomatis. Journal Of Electrical Engineering And Technology, 5(1).

Prasetyo, Y., Triyono, B., Prakoso, D. N., Triwijaya, S., & Multazam, T. (n.d.). Implementasi Sistem Cerdas pada Ruangan Berbasis PLC dengan Pemrograman Function Blok Diagram. 1.

Ridwan, M. H., Yuhendri, M., & Sardi, J. (2023). Sistem Kendali Dan Monitoring Pompa Air Otomatis Berbasis Human Machine Interface. 4(2).

Rifaldo, I., & Yuhendri, M. (2022). Sistem Monitoring Kecepatan Motor Induksi dengan HMI Berbasis PLC. 3(2).

Triwijaya, S., Darmawan, A., Pradipta, A., & Feriando, D. A. (2020). Cable Car Speed Control Using Programmable Logic Control Based on Fuzzy Logic. Journal of Electronics, Electromedical Engineering, and Medical Informatics, 2(3), 125–129.

Triyono, B., Prasetyo, Y., Winarno, B., & Wicaksono, H. H. (2021). Electrical Motor Interference Monitoring Based On Current Characteristics. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1845(1), 012044.

Yakhni, M. F., Cauet, S., Sakout, A., Assoum, H., Etien, E., Rambault, L., & El-Gohary, M. (2023). Variable speed induction motors’ fault detection based on transient motor current signatures analysis: A review. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 184, 109737.




How to Cite

Prasetyo, Y., Triyono, B., Kusumo H, R. J., & Triwijaya, S. (2024). Implementation of a Three Phase Motor Protection System Using PLC and HMI. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach Research and Science, 2(03), 1184–1190.